The modern history of Violet Valley
White colonisation and the arrival of pastoralists had an enormous impact on the lifes of the Gija. Within fifty years Gija territory had been over-grazed, sacred waterholes spoiled and the ecology and traditional food sources destroyed or depleted. The killing of cattle for food often led to extreme confrontations with pastoralists, resulting in numerous massacres of the Gija people. To stop the killings, the Department of Native Welfare set up a ration depots at Turkey Creek in 1901, followed by reserve stations at Moola Bulla and Violet Valley. Being pushed off their land, the Gija people had no other choice than to move to the reserves where traditional culture and language were repressed and people were treated cruelly. The reserves were finally closed in the 1950’s.